In India, gender inequality leads to withdrawal of power among women and this continues to be a political reality today.
It is found that women are continuously disqualified from decision-making at every instant, right from the household to the topmost layer of policymaking. Indian women depicted their bravery during the freedom movement, but now they are facing difficulties to make the gain ground within electoral politics.
It is obvious that the Constitution of India tries to eliminate gender inequality by interdicting discrimination on the basis of class and sex. The Constitution of India also works to preserve fundamental rights for every citizen. In spite of all these, women still have only de jure more willingly than de facto access to these rights.
Are you interested to know the reasons why Indian politics has fewer women than men? Well, refer below sections to get a complete idea:
The Reservation issues:
The major issue that women in Indian politics suffer is that even if reservations are created for women politicians, there is no place for them in party policies.
This fact conquers the whole exercise of making reservations for women. There is a problem of party backing in Indian politics. Indian political parties are averse to offer more seats to women participants.
Indian women face the issue of is implied acceptance by the party rank, particularly by males. The political parties are trying to increase the contribution of women to 33% by creating reservations for them. However, when the matter comes to providing election tickets to women leaders, they are seldom considered the first choice.
The fact is that Indian women have started to dislike the rough life presented by politics.
Many persons are prepared to tolerate the hardships presented by the political life, but they turned incapable of altering the social stereotypes as well as attitudes about the position of women in the Indian society. Because of social stereotypes issues, there are many women in India who have shown their dislike for the political procedure, and so they have selected the gentler working atmosphere presented by social welfare work.
The Indian cultural environment is such that it imposes maximum prominence on men.
This picture creates a situation where hardly a few women get their acceptance in politics. Other than it criminalization of politics, the political environment of volatility and personality traits are regarded as the chief causes for the marginal contribution of women in politics.
What is the Way Forward?
After discussing the reasons behind fewer acceptances of women in Indian politics, let’s have a look at what is the way forward:
- Gender stereotypes which observe women as weak representatives must be changed by creating awareness and by education. It requires great efforts to be undertaken for enhancing the contribution of women in governance in big numbers.
- Women’s communication and leadership skills should be improved by boosting female literacy, particularly in rural areas. Indian women must be encouraged in order to crack socio-cultural barriers and enhance their status within the society.
- The Women’s Reservation Bill; which reserves 33% of the total seats in the legislatures for Indian women, needs to be passed as soon as possible by the Parliament.
India, like many other nations, still has a lot of work to do on female participation in politics.